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Small, Mid, or Large-Cap Stocks: Which One Is Right for Investors?

  • Posted Date: July 16, 2019

Large, Mid, or Small-Cap Stocks: Which One Is Better?

Do you have any idea about Large-Cap, Middle-Cap, or Small-Cap Stocks? If you are a seasoned player, you must have heard about it. But, what about new investors who are entering the investment market for the first time?

Well, for the new investors, the investment market is completely a new arena. Hence, they need to tread the market very carefully. They should have a proper idea about large-cap or middle-cap or short-cap stocks. To get these concepts clear, they might need the services of a professional market advisor or analyst. This is where a seasoned market analyst working with Shyam Advisory could prove to be of great help. They can guide new investors to understand these concepts and make them aware of the risk factors or about the returns from it.

Diversify the Portfolio

Market experts always point out that investors should look for ways to diversify their portfolio. This is done by investing either in stocks or shares or in the commodity market.

While the investment choice is completely personal to the investors; still, many people look forward to invest in the stock market. But before investing it’s important to understand the condition of the market. This, in turn, would help to make the right investment decision.

Professional investors don’t need to study the market much, but this is not the case with new investors. This is where market advisors could help new investors. Under their guidance and tips, new investors will know if the market is stable for investment or not.

At the same time, market analysts and financial advisors can alarm investors about market volatility. With valuable advice and tips like stock tips from expert financial advisors, new investors could take the right step towards investment. They would know how much to invest in large-cap or small-cap or other investment areas.

Understanding the Terms

Over the last few years, a huge number of people are investing in large-cap, or middle-cap, and even in small-cap stocks. Professional investors are well-aware of the terms, like small-cap or large-cap stock. For new investors, it’s completely a new thing. This is where the market advisory team stands out. They feel that they must guide the investors by offering them a general overview of large-cap or middle-cap stocks and so on.

Basically, the terms like large-cap or small-cap refer to large and small companies. Similarly, the term ‘cap’ refers to market capitalization or the total market value of the shares of a firm.

Market Capitalization

Market capitalization refers to as the market value of the outstanding shares of any company’s. Market advisors want to harp that one shouldn’t confuse it with the share price. Both of them are completely different. To help new investors understand about ‘cap’ market advisors have come up with an example.

For instance, company X has 5,00,000 shares and the market price of each share is Rs 25. Hence, the value of the outstanding shares of company X is 1.25 crore. On the other hand, if another company Y has 1,00,000 shares with share price being Rs 60. Thus, the value of the outstanding shares of the company Y is 60 lakh. Therefore, Company X holds a greater market value than company Y.

Depending on the market cap, Company X would fall either under Large or Middle or Small Cap.

Large-Cap or Middle-Cap or Small Cap Companies

Investing in the stocks of large-cap companies after following the stock option tips might seem to be very easy. However, a deeper understanding of these companies is important.

•       Large-cap Companies: They are the first 1st to 100th company in terms of market capitalization.

•    Middle-cap Companies: In terms of market capitalization, they are the 101th to 250th company.

•      Small-cap Companies: Starting from the 251st company and onwards, with respect to market capitalization.

What are Large Cap, Middle Cap, and Small Cap Stocks?

Seasoned investors are well-acquainted with large-cap or small-cap stocks. For new investors, it can be very baffling. Well, market experts working with Shyam Advisory would gladly clear the puzzle. They have explained each term in detail.

Large-Cap Stocks

Large-cap stocks are the shares of established organizations. These companies have a market capitalization of $10 billion and more. New investors who are looking for investment in large-cap stocks should follow the expert stock options tips and start investing in the stocks of companies like Apple (AAPL), Coco-Cola, Google, Exxon Mobil (XOM) and more.

In this regard, market advisors are providing valuable stock tips for large-cap stocks. For instance, in comparison to middle-cap or small-cap, the large-cap stocks are less volatile even in a turbulent market. At the same time, they want to get one thing clear, i.e. by investing in this kind of stock that comes with far-stretched valuation; an investor can get trapped at a high price unless any price correction happens.

Mid-Cap Stocks

Mid-cap stocks usually refer to the shares of companies whose market capitalization remains between $2 billion- $10 billion. A mid-cap company is in a growing phase and holds the potential to turn into a large-cap company. In short, it can be said that mid-cap falls between the two well-known categories, i.e., large-cap and small-cap.

Well, market advisors would like to point out that the classification of a company under small-cap or mid-cap and so on is subject to the organization’s rank in the benchmark indices, like Nifty or Sensex. For instance, companies that fall within the 101th to 250th of Nifty Index are Mid-Cap companies. However, the mid-cap stocks which are mostly traded under this category contain moderate risks.

A study showed, by following the suggestion and stock tips offered by the experts, many investors after investing in mid-cap stocks earned a substantial amount of dividends.

Small-Cap Stocks

Small-cap stocks usually refer to the shares of companies whose market capitalization remains between $250 million- $2 billion. In comparison to large or mid-cap companies, small-cap stocks have few publicly traded shares. However, new investors should invest in small-cap stocks after following the expert guidance of market professionals.

Which Cap Stocks Are Better?

With so many types of cap-stocks in the market, getting bewildered is an obvious sign. One might come with a lot of questions, such as should I invest in large-cap stocks? Or, would mid-cap stocks would be a better option? Or, which stocks are good for investment under small-caps?

To understand which stocks are better, it’s essential to look into the features of each type of caps. Knowing the features of each cap is equally important as following the stock options tips for every cap stocks.

Without further ado, let’s take a look into these features.

Features of Large-Cap Stocks

1.    Low Risk: Large-cap stocks don’t carry high-risk factors. As the large-cap companies are well-known and established; therefore, they have a strong financial infrastructure. It reacts mildly to market volatility. Hence, the risk level gets lowered.

2.      Moderate Returns: It must be kept in mind that the returns from large-cap stocks are mainly from the dividend part.

3.    History: Companies that fall under the large-cap companies are in the business for a long time. They remain accessible to the general public through various means, like trusts.

4.    Cost: Unlike other stocks, the stocks of large-cap companies are quite expensive.

Features of Mid-Cap Stocks

1.    Diversity: The shares lie over a large spectrum and it borders both the small and large-cap stocks. Some mid-cap company could be in the developmental stage; hence, offering more stability than returns. Similarly, some small-cap which recently turned into mid-cap might offer greater returns in comparison to stability.

2.    Growth: The mid-cap companies hold the potential to improve their profit margin, as well as market share through improved productivity.

3.   Risk: The risk factor with mid-cap stocks is very moderate. Concerning market volatility, it responds slowly.

Features of Small-Cap Stocks

1.    Risk: The high-dependency on small-cap stocks makes them liable to fluctuations. It might get affected due to recession and might take time to recover. So before investing in small-cap stocks, following the advice of market analysts is crucial. They could suggest if investing in small-cap stock would be a risky affair or not.

2.     Volatility: Market analysts would like to point that small-cap stock is greatly influenced by the fluctuation in the market. This, in turn, makes these stocks very volatile.

3.     Returns: They are top investment options as they provide 100% returns.

4.    Taxation: The returns obtained from the small-cap shares are considered as an income under Section 80C. Hence, the gains are subjected to capital-gain tax.

When to Invest In Large-Cap or Mid-Cap or Small-Cap Stocks?

Still, confused? New investors might get lured by seeing the exciting opportunities offered by the stock market. But any wrong step could turn to be disastrous. Only with proper guidance and stock market tips from the market experts, they can become successful. With time they can also become seasoned players.

Take a look below.

The Indian stock market is going through a lot of ups and downs. Thanks to COVOID-19 pandemic which disrupted the market globally; and the tug-of-war between the biggest economies China and the USA. The stock prices are going on a ride.

But, whether to invest in small-cap or large-cap or mid-cap stocks would solely depend on several factors.


When the market is bullish, the stocks of small-cap companies do well. However, as it stands to get affected by the recession, they are a risky investment. Still, small-cap companies hold great potential for market growth. They offer both long and short-term investment options in India. But as it’s subject to taxation, one should invest if they are ready for it.


Investors can invest in mid-cap as it holds a better position within the stock market. Investing in mid-cap stocks can help to diversify the portfolio of investors. Unlike the large-cap stocks, the pricing of mid-cap stocks is low; hence, making them easily affordable. Well, many investors earned substantial returns after following stock tips and investing in some mid-cap stocks which gained attention lately.


According to the market advisors working with Shyam Advisory, they have stated that one should invest in large-cap stocks as it lowers the investment risk. Even during market contraction, large-cap companies don’t cease to operate. Also, the financial statements are available to the general public. Investors can take a look into it before investing in the stocks of large-cap companies. Well, investing in large-cap is ideal for those looking for stability in their investment portfolio.

Bottom Line

Looking forward to building a robust portfolio? Looking to diversify the portfolio? If you just said – Yes, you should invest in the market cap accordingly. However, there is nothing wrong to keep a mix of each type of cap stocks; along with other investment options. At the same time, adding a risky asset is always a better option. It would lower the overall risk and also offer some stability to the portfolio.

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