Investors had difficulties in 2022 as a result of a sell-off in stocks brought on by worries about quicker interest rate increases and growing geopolitical risks in Eastern Europe.
As a consequence, investors devoured profitable equities by selling their stakes in fast-growing technological companies in favour of riskier investments in more well-established sectors.
These incentives took the shape of dividends or more shares. More than 140 corporations have announced bonus shares as a way of rewarding shareholders.
The most valuable corporations in the world have announced stock splits, which has made stock splits popular as well.
In January 2023, the following five stocks will trade ex-bonus and ex-split.
Bonus shares are complimentary shares awarded to current owners. As an example, if a corporation announces share capital at a ratio of 1:2, investors will get one bonus share for each and every two shares they already own. In other words, a holder of 200 shares will get 100 bonus shares at no cost, for a total of 300 shares.
It should be made clear what a bonus and a split are. This is owed to the fact that although each of these stock investing factors may be beneficial to investors, they operate differently. Bonuses and stock split operate somewhat differently, but their main effects are the same. Additionally, it has the result of increasing the share count while correspondingly lowering the cost. A stock split essentially halves the stock’s face value. Therefore, if a stock’s face value is changed from Rs. 10 to Rs. 5, it doubles the number of shares in circulation and has the same effect as a 1:1 bonus issue. Comparable to a 4:1 stock dividend, the number of shares issued increases by five times when the face value of the stock is divided from Rs. 10 to Rs. 2. Stock splits are handled differently by various firms. Companies, including Reliance Industries, for instance, have historically opted to keep their par value at Rs. 10, issuing bonus shares to investors in its place. However, the majority of other businesses are typically okay with sharing the company’s principal amount since, in the post-CCI situation, the par value is already more theoretical than real worth. Stock splits are constrained in that they become ineffective once they exceed Rs. 1 in face value. There are no restrictions on bonuses. Knowing the distinction between such a stock split and a bonus allows you to determine which is more valuable to a shareholder (if any value at all).
The Supreme Petrochem is the initial topic on this list.
With a customer base of 55%, Supreme Petrochem dominates the Polystyrene Polymer industry in India.
In addition to producing items made of polystyrene, it also deals in the raw materials necessary to create polymers.
The board resolved to divide the equity assets at a 1:2 ratio on December 9, 2022. This entails splitting a completely paid equity share with a face worth Rs. 4 into two completely paid-up equity shares, each worth Rs. 2.
The record date for determining whether stockholders qualify for sub-division or splitting has been set by the board as January 6, 2023.
For the quarter ending in September 2022, Supreme Petrochem recorded a 3.6% YoY increase in sales to Rs 12.3 bn. The net income for the same time period was Rs 596.5 m, which was 53.1% less.
Low volume offtake and muted realisations were the causes of the revenue’s limited rise. Additionally, the earnings decreased as a result of rising raw material prices and other expenditures.
It is making significant investments to raise its manufacturing capacity for the fiscal year 2023. To meet the rising demand for polystyrene goods, the corporation has made an investment of around Rs 12 billion.
Vishnu Chemicals is listed second on the list.
The business produces and markets a variety of specialised chemicals. Sodium Dichromate, Potassium Dichromate, Basic Chromium Sulphate, and Yellow Sodium Sulphate are some of its products.
The board resolved to divide the company’s shares at a 1:5 ratio on December 14, 2022. As a result, five share capital with face values of Rs 2 would be created from one common share with a face price of Rs 10 per share.
The board has established the settlement date for the separation as January 13, 2023.
The company’s sales for September 2022 quarterly increased by 54.5% YoY to Rs 3.7 bn. Additionally, net profit increased 111.2% YoY to Rs 351.2 m. This increase was caused by an increase in exports due to a more diverse mix of products and applications.
The business is focusing on brownfield growth for the next quarter in order to offer a new specialty chemical to provide diversification benefits for barium.
The company Globe Commercials comes in third.
The firm is in the business of offering services for commodities trading. It specialises in the purchase and sale of sanitary products as well as cotton, cereals, oils, rubbers, seeds, and a variety of other goods.
The proposal to suggest issuing bonus shares in a 1:1 ratio was authorised by the corporation’s board of directors on December 14, 2022. There will be an extra share issued for each existing share.
In order to assess the eligibility of stakeholders, the board has changed the record date for the bonus from December 22, 2022, to January 7, 2023.
The sales earnings for the September 2022 quarter increased 59.1% year over year to Rs 357 m.
The net profit was Rs 4.4 m, a 51% YoY decrease. The rise in trade expenditures was the cause of this reduction.
The corporation is aiming to cut costs and broaden its customer base for the next quarter.
The fourth item is G M Polyplast.
High-quality sheets and granules are produced and supplied by the firm.
Rolls, polyethylene, amorphous, and reusable and recyclable polyethylene sheets are among its product offerings.
Due to the company’s strong performance, the board has authorised a bonus issue. Six shares of capital will be granted for every common stock when issuing the bonus shares, or a 6:1 ratio.
The record date, set by the board, will be January 4, 2023, to determine if stockholders are eligible.
The firm recorded a 45% YoY increase in sales to Rs 434.5 m for the September 2022 quarter. The net earnings for the same time period were Rs 25.3m, which was 44% higher.
It intends to use plastic trash to produce high-grade recycled sheeting and granules in order to expand its reach in the premium market.
KPI Green Energy is the final item on the list.
A solar power-producing firm focusing on offering solar electricity as an Independent Power Producer (IPP) underneath the trademark Solarism is KPI Green Energy, also referred to as KPI Global Infrastructure.
Grid-connected solar power facilities are also developed, transferred, operated, and maintained for CPP customers, and money is generated by selling these facilities to CPP customers for their daily consumption needs.
In response to the company’s good performance, the board has authorised a bonus issue. An equity share of Rs. 10 is allowed for every ordinary share of Rs. 10, making the bonus shares authorised at a ratio of 1:1.
The board has established January 18, 2023, as the settlement date for determining a company’s eligibility.
The company’s sales in the September 2022 quarter increased by 177.6% to Rs 1.6 bn. Net profit increased by 72.6% to Rs 186.6 m from Rs 211.5 m in the prior year. Growth was supported by a rise in revenue brought on by an increase in realisation.
The company’s main goal for the next quarters is to grow its order book.
The effect of bonus issuance and stock splits on a company’s equity is comparable. Both raise shares without materially changing the company’s prospects.
Although stock splits and preference shares increase the overall number of shares, it’s crucial to keep in mind that their market price also falls. This does not, however, negate the benefits of stock dividends and bonuses. Its trading activity will rise as a result.
It could lead to long-term benefits for a particular company stock. The price will increase more quickly and more significantly the higher the demand.
They have a bright future even if they may not be useful right now.
Although the corporation will continue to make money after issuing bonus shares, its profits per share (EPS) will drop.
It is worthwhile investigating businesses that provide bonus shares and stock splits, notwithstanding the benefits and risks of doing so.
Bonus shares are a very helpful tool for cash-strapped businesses looking to grow. Investors may also save on taxes. The following examples illustrate how a corporation should think about bonus shares:
Even Warren Buffett would be pleased with the 24% annualised returns achieved by Colgate Palmolive India over a 39-year period. The precise breakdown of these returns between corporate activity and performance, meanwhile, is difficult to determine. It is necessary to keep in mind that, although being value neutral, stock splits and bonuses are beneficial to the firm and to shareholders in two different ways.
The stock price first enters a well-liked trading range as a result of stock splits and bonus concerns. Small and individual investors often choose to purchase equities with smaller relative denominations. Bringing a stock price within reach is seen as more investor friendly, even if it is true that value has nothing to do with price.
These business efforts have been crucial in maintaining shareholders’ interest over time, as we have seen in the cases of equities like Colgate, Infosys, Wipro, and Glenmark. While bonuses and splits don’t always generate value, they play a crucial role in accelerating the process by making equities more accessible to investors. They often increase notional value, which is significant in terms of how various investors see the situation. They may not directly increase the worth of an object, but they do stimulate investment far more than other elements do when it comes to luring new investors into the world of stocks and shares.
Short version: Dividend splits and bonuses have been typically well received by shareholders. It has no effect on ROE but increases interest in the stock by putting it in a more common trading range. That most likely explains their appeal! Bonuses and splits may only increase the company’s attraction to investors if you own a strong stock, such as any blue-chip firm.
You may think about purchasing one of them or another stock you want now that you are aware of the list of businesses offering bonus shares in 2023. Open a demat account with India’s reliable online stockbroker now if you haven’t traded equities before.